An in-depth System for Assessing Vulnerability of Species modeling effort that looks at two dozen threatened and endangered species and how they may be affected by a changing climate. The authors provide a numerical scale of risk based on possible changes in habitat, physiology, phenology, and interactions across a scale of uncertainties. Results and discussion of the most critical factor for each species are presented.

Bagne, Karen E.; Finch, Deborah M. 2012. Vulnerability of species to climatechange in the Southwest: threatened, endangered, and at-risk species at theBarry M. Goldwater Range, Arizona. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-284. FortCollins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky MountainResearch Station. 139 p
(9) (PDF) Vulnerability of Species to Climate Change in the Southwest: Threatened, Endangered, and At-Risk Species at the Barry M. Goldwater Range, Arizona. Available from: [accessed May 16 2023].